Popular Woodworking 2002-10 № 130, страница 53

Popular Woodworking 2002-10 № 130, страница 53

CHISELS

From paring dovetails to opening paint cans (not recommended), bevel-edge chisels have earned a spot in the pantheon of must-have hand tools. And unless you like sharpening your chisels every weekend, you should choose a set that's durable.

Buy Right

It's easy to spend too much on chisels. What you really need is a handle that feels good in your hand and steel that stands up to lots of abuse. Finding the best handle is up to you. We've tested the edge of 20 popular brands and the results are below. We rated each tool by whether it needed to be rehoned after chopping a series of half-blind dovetail pins (see the last column in the chart).

SETUP & USE

Fettling

Like planes, chisels require some setup. First you must flatten the cutting face, commonly called the "back" of the blade. Rub the iron on a coarse sharpening stone until the scratches are even across the cutting edge. Then move up to finer-grit stones until the face looks like a mirror. Then sharpen the cutting bevel. (See "Sharpening for Dullards" in our Woodshop Essentials special issue, available at www.popwood.com.)

Controlling the Cut

In most cases, chisels are best used with two hands: one on the handle to exert the force and a second hand near the cutting edge to steer the cut. (For a complete discussion of technique, see "Chisel Use" in our February 2001 issue, #120.) Bevel-edge chisels, the tools discussed here, are best for paring and light chopping. Buy a mortising chisel for heavy work - and a screwdriver for opening your paint cans. PW

PW

Recommends

OCCASIONAL USER

• Craftsman 36857 chisels.

These tough chisels ($20 for a set of three) look clunky but feel good in large hands.

• Marples Blue Chip chisels.

Inexpensive ($40 for five), tough and versatile chisels.

SERIOUS HOME WOODWORKER

• Marples Blue Chip chisels.

• Ashley Isles chisels. One of

the most comfortable and durable chisels. Highly recommended ($80 for six).

ADVANCED WOODWORKER OR PROFESSIONAL

• Two Cherries/Hirsch chisels

• ECE chisels

• Marples Blue Chip chisels

Editor's note: This fall, look for chisels from Lie-Nielsen Toolworks, too.

These tools have been tested or used by the editors of Popular Woodworking

and have earned their recommendation.

SET PRICE

NO. OF CHISELS

FIT AND FINISHt

INITIAL FLATNESSt

EASE OF SETUPt

TYPE OF HANDLE

ERGONOMICS

HARDNESS NEED TO BE OF BLADE* REHONED?

Ashley Isles

$80

6

4.25

4

3

W

4.75

59/58

No

Buck Brothers

10

3

3.5

3

2

P

2.5

59/58

Yes

Craftsman 36857

20

3

2.5

2

2

P

3

56/55

No

Crown/Woodworker's Supply

55

4

4

5

3

W

4

51/48

Yes

E.C.E.**

70

4

3.75

3

3

W

3.25

59/60

No

Footprint

80

9

2.5

4

2

P

3.25

58/59

Soon

Freud WC-104

45

4

3.25

5

3

W

3

59/57

Yes

Garrett Wade 10T15.01

70

6

3.25

2

3

W

3

60/60

Soon

Grizzly G5836

30

4

2.75

4

3

W

3.25

61/60

Yes

Lee Valley Butyrate

50

5

3.75

3

2

P

2.5

59/60

Yes

Marples Butyrate Handle

80

6

3.75

3

4

P

4.25

60/59

Yes

Marples Blue Chip

40

5

3.25

3

4

P

4

60/61

No

Pfeil Swiss Made

145

8

2.5

4

3

W

3.25

60/60

Yes

Sandvik

120

6

4

3

3

W

4

59/60

Yes

Sorby Boxwood

160

5

4.5

2

2

W

3.5

58/59

Soon

Sorby Gilt Edge

135

4

4

4

4

W

4

57/58

Yes

Stanley 16-180

15

3

2.75

4

2

P

2.5

59/59

No

Stanley 16-2683

30

3

not included in initial review

Two Cherries/Hirsch

110

4

3.75

2

2

W

4.25

56/56

No

Woodworker's Supply Hornbeam

35

4

3

4

3

W

2.75

61/59

No

* All hardness numbers are on the Rockwell "C" scale. The first number is the hardness of the metal measured 3/4" up from the cutting edge. The second number is the hardness 1V2" up from the cutting edge. ** Chisels not sold as set. Price is for 6mm, 12mm, 20mm and 24mm chisels. t Ratings are on a basis of 1 to 5 with "one" being "unacceptable" and "five" being "outstanding"; W=wood; P=plastic ■ = PW Recommends

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