Popular Woodworking 2003-04 № 133, страница 62
BEFORE the ER
If you injure yourself seriously, here's a practical guide to what to do (quickly) before you trek to the hospital.
You've done something dumb or something has gone wrong in the shop. Now the question going through your head is, "Should I go to the ER with this?" As my father used to say, "If you're asking the question, that's the answer." So what
should you do now? A few basic rules and some common sense
can make you more comfortable
and help ensure the best outcome.
First, the easy stuff:
This means anything that could
kill you, such as poisoning, electrocution, chest pain, difficulty
breathing or arterial bleeding
(blood isn't just running out, it's
squirting out - with your pulse -
and the squirts are jumping over
your finger onto the floor).
Decide if the injury is life- or limb-threatening. If it is, call 911, keep quiet and wait for rescue. Lie down. That way if you do faint, you won't injure yourself further by falling. Apply gauze and direct pressure to any bleeding. Be advised that if you use a tourniquet to stop the bleeding, you may lose the extremity.
Assuming your injury isn't life-threatening but is more than you
can fix with duct tape (no kidding), don't panic. It's often said in medicine that the first thing to do in an emergency is to take your own pulse, and there's truth to it.
Something in Your Eye
If it really hurts it will probably be chemical, organic (wood, etc.), metallic or glass. The worst is chemical, with alkali worse than acid, followed closely by organic (some plants also contain alkaloids that can be very caustic). Whatever it was, first rinse the eye out with lots of clean, clear water, then have someone drive
you to the nearest ER (do not
drive; you have no depth perception with only one eye). If it was metal or glass, keep the eye closed to minimize more damage.
This is a hole deeper than it is wide. If you've just shot a nail through an extremity, don't pull
it out. The nail may be keeping
a blood vessel from bleeding. Gently wrap the area and get help. If you've stepped
on a nail and pulled
it out, still get to the doctor anyway. There is an 80-percent chance some of your shoe went
into your foot and will need to be removed.
Again, rinse and apply gauze and
direct pressure to any open cut.
A cut through the skin that's deep enough to allow separation of the cut edges will require stitches.
Fractures of an extremity can be
stabilized by gently rolling a good-quality magazine around it and
tying or taping it in place. Be sure to check for a pulse on the extremity before and after stabilization. If any bone is showing,
don't touch it, and call 911.
Immerse the wound in cold water (it will still be burned, but will hurt less). If there's a blister, don't break it. A blister is still intact skin and less prone to infection. If the area is white or black and does not hurt, it's a third-degree burn and you should call 911.
If you've cut off a finger with your table saw, apply gauze and pressure to the wound. Call 911, then wrap the amputated part in a wet cloth, put that in a sealed plastic bag and onto ice. Then someone should drive you to the ER.
But no matter what else don't
panic. If you stop and think before you act, most emergencies can be stabilized until evaluated
by the professionals. PW
Dr. D. Michael Jervis practiced family medicine for three years and emergency medicine for three years in Jacksonville, Florida, where he also taught courses in advanced cardiac life support and treatment of shock. He currently works as a staff physician in the VA Emergency Department in Lake City, Florida.