Popular Woodworking 2001-06 № 122, страница 45
Don't be intimidated
by the size of this case piece; the joinery is simple yet rock solid.
I chuckle to myself every time I build one of these cabinets for a customer. A Shaker entertainment center. Now that's an oxymoron. But everybody loves Shaker and everyone needs an entertainment center these days. So who am I to argue? As cabinet construction goes, this is about as basic as it gets, and it still offers old-world joinery, styling and strength. The entire piece is solid lumber, using a face-frame front and a shiplapped back. The raised-panel doors are held together with mortise-and-tenon joinery, and the crown moulding is all simple cuts on the table saw and jointer.
I start construction on face-frame cabinets by making the face frame first. All the other pieces will be sized to fit the frame, so it just makes sense to begin there. Also, the width of the face frame's stiles are wider than shown in the drawing. This will allow you to trim them flush to the case after assembly.
There are a number of ways to fasten a face frame together, but when I'm making a piece of furniture that has the potential to be moved every so often I prefer the strongest joint I can think of— mortise and tenon. That's because if it's moving it's racking. While a strong back will help keep the cabinet from racking, the face frame does most of the work. In addition, if the piece is a reproduction, like the one here, it's appropriate to use a mortise-and-tenon frame.
I pref er to cut the tenons on the ends of the rails first, then use the tenons to lay out the mortises on the stiles. Set up your table saw to cut the 3/s" x 1"-long tenons, centered on both ends of the top and bottom rails. Then set up your mortiser to cut the mating mortises, setting your depth to 11/l6" to avoid having the tenon bottom out in the mortise.
Once the mortises and tenons are cut, assemble the frame by putting glue in the mortises. Don't overdo it; glue can keep the tenon from seating properly in the mor-
by Troy Sexton
Troy Sexton designs and builds custom furniture in Sunbury, Ohio, for his company, Sexton Classic American Furniture. Troy is a contributing editor for Popular Woodworking.
45 Popular Woodworking June 2001